Academic Resources

Cansford’s founders have strong academic credentials and regularly conduct original research and publish scientific papers.

Relevant peer-reviewed published papers by Cansford scientists

  • Ethyl glucuronide as a long-term alcohol biomarker in fingernail and hair. Matrix comparison and evaluation of gender bias, Alcohol and Alcoholism, (2019): 1-6
  • Data on ethyl glucuronide and cocaethylene concentrations in the hair of cocaine users. Data in brief, 20, pp.2036-2039, (2018).
  • Hair analysis when external contamination is in question: A review of practical approach for the interpretation of results. Forensic science international 285 (2018): 105-110.
  • Recent Advances in Hair Testing, Edited by Lolita Tsanaclis, Markus Baumgartner,  Forensic science international, 30 June 2017
  • Commentary on Current Changes of the SoHT 2016 Consensus on Alcohol Markers in Hair and Further Background Information. Forensic Science International (2017).
  • European guidelines for workplace drug and alcohol testing in hair. Drug Testing and Analysis July 2016.
  • Workplace Drug Testing in “Hair Analysis in Clinical and Forensic Toxicology” eds Pascal Kintz, Alberto Salomone, Marco Vincenti, Academic Press; Edition: 1 (25 de June de 2015)
  • Differentiation between consumption and external contamination when testing for cocaine and cannabis in hair samples. Drug testing and analysis, 6(S1), 37-4, 2014
  • Workplace drug testing, different matrices different objectives. Drug Testing and Analysis 4 (2), 2012, 83–88, 2012
  • Análises de drogas em cabelos ou pêlos. RevInter Revista de Toxicologia, Risco Ambiental e Sociedade, 4(1), 2011
  • Simultaneous determination of GHB and EtG in hair using GCMS/MS. Drug testing and analysis 3,201–205, 2010
  • Testing for alcohol use in hair: is ethyl glucuronide (EtG) stable in hair? Ann. Toxicol. Anal, 21(2), 67-71, 2009
  • Differentiation between drug use and environmental contamination when testing for drugs in hair. Forensic Sci Int. 176 (1): 19-22, 2008
  • Do drug users use less alcohol than non-drug users? A comparison of ethyl glucuronide concentrations in hair between the two groups in medico-legal cases. Forensic Sci Int. 176: 82-6, 2008
  • Patterns in drug use in the United Kingdom as revealed through analysis of hair in a large population sample. Forensic Sci. Int. 170 (2-3):121-128, 2007
  • Prevalence and disposition of drugs of abuse and opioid treatment drugs in oral fluid.  J Anal Toxicol. 31 (8):424-433, 2007GC-MS-MS Determination of Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate in Blood and Urine.  J Anal Toxicol. 30 (6):375-379, 2006
  • Comparison by External Quality Assessment of Performance of Analytical Systems for Measurement of Therapeutic Drugs in Serum.  Therapeutic Drug Monitoring,  19: 420-426, 1997
  • Time course of appearance of cotinine in human beard hair after a single dose of nicotine.  Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, 17:195-198, 1995
  • Intra- and interlaboratory sources of imprecision in drug measurements by different techniques. Clinical Chemistry 39: 851-855, 1993

Relevant scientific presentations by Cansford scientists

  • I never touched it, I just went to a party! The impact of external contamination on interpretation of hair testing results, (SoHT), Cardiff, UK, 2017
  • What do hair drug levels mean?, (SoHT), Cardiff, UK, 2017
  • The Diagnostic Value of Sectioning Hair Samples for EtG Analysis, (SoHT), Cardiff, UK, 2017
  • Retrospective Hair Drug Testing: an assessment of current drug use patterns in samples from Australia, (TIAFT/SoHT), Brisbane, Australia, 2016.
  • Hair analysis in the identification of adulterants used in cocaine formulations as an aid to diagnosis and treatment of associated toxicity,  (TIAFT/SoHT), Brisbane, Australia, 2016.
  • Brazilian guidelines for drug and alcohol testing in hair collection and analysis, (SoHT), Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2015
  • Providing Appropriate and Meaningful Workplace Hair Drug Testing, (SoHT), Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2015
  • Detection of adulterants in hair samples as a diagnostic aid in clinical practice, (SoHT), Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2015
  • Dealing with external contamination on hair samples, when in doubt, (SoHT), Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2015.
  • Implication of non-attendance for hair collection for drug and alcohol testing in child care cases, (SoHT), Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2015
  • Extent of external contamination of hair samples from crack cocaine users, (TIAFT), Buenos Aires, 2014
  • Evaluation of hair analysis with socio-demographic profile of crack users in Brazil, (SoHT), Bordeaux, France, 2014
  • Hair analysis in the workplace: global harmonisation required, (SoHT), Bordeaux, France, 2014
  • Hair analysis in pre-employment of high-risk activities in Brazil, (SoHT), Geneva, Switzerland, 2013
  • Differentiating between consumption and external contamination when testing for cocaine and cannabis in hair samples, (SoHT), Geneva, Switzerland, 2013
  • Análise de Cabelo em Exames Pré-Admissionais em Atividades de alto Risco no Brasil, (CBTOX), Brazil, 2013
  • Hair Analysis for the emerging new drugs: Tramadol and Mephedrone, (SoHT), Toronto, Canada, 2012
  • Workplace Drug Testing, Different Matrices Different Objectives, (EWDTS), Edinbourgh, UK, 2011
  • Testing for alcohol use in hair: is ethyl glucuronide (EtG) stable in hair?’ Société Française de Toxicologie Analytique, (SFTA) 16th annual meeting, The International Association of Forensic Scientists (TIAFT) 46th international meeting, & Society of Hair Testing, (SoHT), Martinique, French West Indies, 2008
  • Differentiation between drug use and environmental contamination when testing for drugs in hair. (SoHT), Cardiff, UK, 2007.
  • Challenge to an Initial Hair Analysis Result – A Case Study, (SoHT), Cardiff, 2007
  • Comparative Confirmation Rates and Drug Level Patterns in Hair and Oral Fluid in Clinical Monitoring and Workplace Sectors, London Toxicology Group (LTG), London, UK 2007.
  • The Determination of Ketamine Concentrations in Hair Samples, (TIAFT), Seattle – USA, 2007
  • The Evaluation of Amphetamine Isomer Ratios in Hair Samples from Amphetamine Users, (TIAFT), Seattle – USA, 2007
  •  Patterns in drug use in the United Kingdom as revealed through analysis of hair in a large population sample, (TIAFT) Ljubjana, Slovenia, 2006
  • Hair Analysis for Assessing Cannabis Use: Are the cut-offs working?, SoHT Strasbourg, France, 2005
  • Hair Analysis of Naltrexone: a Complementary and Useful Technique in Monitoring Compliance, (TIAFT) Seoul, 2005
  • Hair Analysis for Assessing Cannabis Use by GC-MS/MS (Ion trap):  Limitations and Advances on the Differentiation between Systemic Exposure and External Contamination, BMSS Derby, UK, 2004
  • Drug Detection in Hair: Assessment of Levels from Large Volume Screening and Confirmation Testing, (TIAFT) Washington, USA, 2004
  • Drug Detection in Oral Fluid: Identification of Poly Drug Use by EIA and GC-MS, (TIAFT) Washington, USA, 2004
  • Hair analysis for detection of drugs: the use of multiple and single sections on the interpretation of drug use for medical-legal purposes, (TIAFT) France, 2002
  • Hair Analysis for Detection of Drugs: A Retrospective Review of Data Obtained in the Routine Practice of a Specialist Laboratory, (TIAFT) Prague, Czeck Republic 2001
  • Kinetics of drug transport from gut lumen into blood in the firs-pass perfused gut preparation. PKUK Group, Newcastle, UK, 1997
  • Method for the determination of buprenorphine in serum by gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry using single ion monitoring, 4th International Congress of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Clinical Toxicology, Vienna, Austria, 1995.

SoHT: Society of Hair testing

TIAFT: The International Association of Forensic Toxicologists

CBTOX: Congresso Brasileiro de Toxicologia

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